What do you know about the complications of stem cell transplant? - ecobeautyguide.com

What do you know about the complications of stem cell transplant?

The health benefits of tricks stem cell transplant brings is undeniable. However, a number of accompanying complications can be big challenge for both patients as well as doctors.

Stem cell transplant is a big challenge for your body. In the first months of the recovery process, you may feel fatigue and weakness more than ever. A number of side effects happen as making the situation worse, such as nausea, altered taste, flu symptoms…

In this stage, you need patience a little bit, because a new immune system entirely are being set up, and your body needs time to be able to receive this. Be assured that the doctor will monitor the health status of you tightly at the same time provides the medication to prevent risks.

Along with these common side effects on you also have the ability to deal with the complications. Some of them can do the chemotherapy or radiation therapy in high doses, a part of the process of organ transplantation in some cases particular triggers. The other complications most will come from the rejection of the body.

Complications from stem cell transplant of your own

Complications the most common include:

  • Hemorrhage and anemia
  • Infection
  • Interstitial lung disease (inflammation of connective tissue)
  • Liver damage
  • Lesions of the mouth, esophagus, lungs, and other organs

In some rare cases, you are likely to suffer cataracts, infertility (if radiation treatment of the whole body) and cancer recurrence (may be ten years from when your cancer treatment’s initial success).

The doctor will take out many methods to deal with these complications. Antibiotics, antifungal or virus can prevent as well as treat infections caused by bacteria, fungi and virus cause. They will also prescribe you some medications to support the pace of development of new immune system and for blood transfusion to solve complications hemorrhage or anemia.

Complications from stem cell transplantation of the donor

The most common complication is called disease graft against the host (GvHD). It develops when blood cells form from stem cells of the donor see your cells as foreign bodies invading the body (pathogens) and attack them. This disease occurs in approximately 30-70% of people who get a stem cell transplant from a donor. Transplant patients against, usually not severe, but if not promptly treated, it can be life-threatening.

The symptoms of the disease graft against the host is usually:

  • Rash, itching and skin peeling
  • Hair loss
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps)
  • Hepatitis (yellow skin)
  • Lesions of the mouth, esophagus, lungs, and other organs

The risk of disease graft against the host proportional to the degree of compatibility between donor and recipient stem cell transplant. Chemotherapy or radiation treatment with wide range on the body before surgery also increases the risk of disease.

To prevent and treat disease graft against the host, you need to combine antibiotics as well as steroids and other treatments to reduce the immune response. The drug is often used in this case include the drug-resistant thymocyte globulin, cyclosporine, methotrexate, sirolimus, tacrolimus, and even the doctor may also prescribe rituximab for you.

A number of other complications of stem cell transplant

Stem cell transplant failure is also a complication, but rather rare. It occurs when your immune system reject stem cells from a donor. If the number of stem cells are big donation, you can be treated by surgery stem cell transplant the second or the infusion of lymphocytes, a type of white blood cells, left over from the donor.

Cancer risk of recurrence after many years since you performed a stem cell transplant. Usually, the cause is mainly due to chemotherapy and radiation therapy before surgery does not destroy all the cancer cells. Recurrence may also occur if cancer cells are still present in the blood collected before your chemotherapy. With a number of isolated cases, the rate of cancer recurrence after stem cell transplant, up to 50%.

Fortunately, the effect of “graft anti-tumor” can help prevent this. This happens when the immune cells, the maturation of the donor recognize and attack any cancer cells are found in your body after the transplant.

To increase this effect, your doctor may want to transmit to you the immune cells of the donor with stem cells of the donor. If the cancer recurrence occurs, it can be treated with chemotherapy other transplant times Monday (if your stem cells are used for the first time, you can use the cells of the donor at this time) or a combination of both this method.

The article of Hello Health Group and Hello Doctor only for reference, not a substitute for the diagnosis or treatment of medical.

You may be interested in the topic:

  • Live healthy with immunosuppressive drugs
  • Implanted the uterus, breakthrough of the medicine
  • Introduction transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells

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