Throat cancer: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment -

Throat cancer: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Throat cancer is what disease?

Throat cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind the nose). This disease is a rare form of cancer of the head neck and often happens more in South East Asia.

Will be quite difficult for doctors to detect throat cancer in its early stages, because it is difficult to examine the nose and throat, and symptoms are like a number of other diseases. Cancer can metastasis to other parts of the body through tissue, the lymph system and blood. Metastasis the most common are the bones, lungs and liver.

The disease consists of 4 stages, stage, the less the likelihood of cancer metastases to other organs as low as including:

  • Phase 1: throat cancer the early stages;
  • Phase 2: throat cancer intermediate stage;
  • Stages 3 and 4: laryngeal cancer stage, progression and end.

The symptoms and signs of cancer of the nasopharynx

The symptoms of throat cancer include:

  • Have tumor in the nose or neck;
  • There is blood in the saliva;
  • Sore throat;
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty talking;
  • Bleeding of the nose;
  • Nasal congestion;
  • Hearing loss;
  • Frequent ear infection;
  • Headache.

In addition, signs of cancer, babe, throat, the early stages are often not clearly expressed, so it is difficult to recognize.

Besides, patients also have complications such as:

  • Hard to swallow
  • Lesions of the neck and face
  • Hard to say
  • Shortness of breath
  • Stiff neck

You may experience other symptoms not mentioned. If you have any questions about the effects of throat cancer, please consult your doctor.

When you need to see a doctor?

You should contact a doctor if new symptoms appear not to be treated or the above symptoms lasts more than 2 weeks.

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult a doctor. The address of each person is different. So please consult your doctor to choose is the most appropriate scheme.

Cause throat cancer

When one or more mutant genes make normal cells grow uncontrolled invasive to the surrounding structures and ultimately metastasize to other parts of the body will cause cancer. In laryngeal cancer, this process begins in the squamous cells located in the surface of the nasopharynx.

Scientists aren’t sure what causes cancer of the nasopharynx. However, the disease may be related to the virus Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Although infection with EBV will have the ability to get sick, but not all those infected with EBV will also suffer from throat cancer. In fact, there are cases where a person has all the risk factors but no disease, while others leave the device without any elements at all.

Subjects suffering from throat cancer

Throat cancer is a common condition, but quite rare compared with other types of cancer. Disease are more likely to occur in men than women. You can control this disease by reducing risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more details.

What factors increase the risk of disease carcinoma of the nasopharynx?

There are many factors that increase the risk of disease, such as:

  • Gender: men usually have higher risk to get this disease;
  • Race: this type of cancer most often appear in the China region, southeast Asia and North Africa;
  • Age: the disease usually occurs in adults between the ages of 30 and 50;
  • These foods contain salt: diets high in fish and salt meat when young can increase the risk of disease is higher;
  • Epstein-Barr Virus : this virus is related to a number of diseases, rare cancers, including cancer of the nasopharynx;
  • Family medical history: if family members suffer from throat cancer, your risk of disease will increase;
  • Alcohol and tobacco: if you drink or smoke a large amount of this substance will increase the risk of disease.

Treatment of cancer of the nasopharynx effective

The information provided is not a substitute for the advice of the medical professional, so it is best you consult your doctor.

Diagnosis of cancer of the nasopharynx

Doctor can perform the test and tricks the following:

  • Health and medical history: the doctor will check the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of illness such as swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck or anything else that looks unusual. The doctor will also ask you questions about your medical history and the methods of each treatment;
  • Biopsy: the doctor will use a microscope to see the cells or tissues to check for signs of cancer. Doctors often take tissue samples during endoscopy of the nose;
  • Tests: including computer tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography, positron emission tomography (PET), X-ray.

Your doctor may also perform other tests such as checking virus Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), have your hearing checked.


The doctor will choose the method of treatment and prognosis depend on the following factors:

  • The stage of the cancer;
  • Types of cancer;
  • Tumor size;
  • Age and health of the patient.

The doctor will use three methods of treatment standards, including:

  • Radiation therapy: using high energy beam, such as X-rays or beams of protons, to destroy cancer cells;
  • Chemotherapy: is a drug that uses chemical substances to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs may be in the form of pills, intravenous infusion or both. The doctor may use chemotherapy to treat throat cancer at the same time, after or before radiation therapy; (correction loop from “chemotherapy”, “radiotherapy”)
  • Surgery: doctors usually do not proceed to surgery to treat the disease. However, your doctor may use this method to remove cancer of the lymph nodes in the neck.

Mode of living suitable

The living habits would help you to limit the progress of cancer of the nasopharynx?

You will be able to control this cancer if apply the following measures:

  • Eat more fruits and vegetables;
  • Avoid fish and meat, salted,
  • Non-smoking;
  • Do not drink more alcohol.

Consequence of the radiation treatment for the disease is dry mouth, which leads to frequent infections in the mouth and cause difficulties in eating, swallowing, talking and the problems of dental health. A number of measures that can support you to improve the condition of dry mouth and complications of the disease, including:

  • Brushing your teeth several times each. Use soft-bristled toothbrush if your mouth is too sensitive;
  • Gargle with a solution of warm salt water after meals. Mixing a solution of warm water, salt and baking soda and gargle with this solution after each meal;
  • Keep your mouth moistened with water or sugarless candy. Drink water all day to keep the mouth moist. Try chewing gum or sugarless candy to stimulate the mouth produce saliva;
  • Select food. Avoid dry foods. You should moisten the dry food with sauce, gravy, broth, butter or milk;
  • Avoid foods and drinks, acidic or spicy. You should choose the dish does not irritate the mouth and avoid drinks containing caffeine and alcohol.

Let your doctor know if you suffer from dry mouth. Your doctor can offer other treatments to help you cope with the signs and symptoms of the disease. You can also see a nutritionist to choose the type of food suitable when the are is dry mouth.

If you have any questions, please consult your doctor for advice method support best treatment.

Hello, Doctor not take out the advice, diagnosis or treatment methods medical.

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