The way to detect plasmodium in the body -

The way to detect plasmodium in the body

When the mosquito bites, malaria parasites will enter the bloodstream and destroy red blood cells carry oxygen. The initial symptoms of malaria resemble the flu. For this reason, sometimes you will be confused by two disease, does not lead to timely treatment.

The delay in treatment have led to many deaths pitiful due to malaria. Therefore, testing is the only solution to help discovered the plasmodium exists in the body. If in doubt yourself have the risk of disease, you should go to the health authorities to conduct tests right.

Information about plasmodium

Have all 5 types of plasmodium cause human disease:

  • Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum)
  • Plasmodium malariae (P. malariae)
  • Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax)
  • Plasmodium ovale (P. ovale)
  • Plasmodium knowlesi (P. knowlesi)

In that plasmodium, P. falciparum is the most dangerous, life-threatening patients. Patients with malaria falciparum heavy will be impaired liver, kidney, seizures, coma and ultimately death.

P. vivax and P. ovale, although less dangerous but also breaks down red blood cells, causing anemia, jaundice in humans. In that race, malaria, P. ovale has not yet appeared in our country.

Life cycle of malaria parasites

The malaria parasite develops both in humans and in mosquitoes anophen the. When exposed to the immune system of the person, we will put out thousands of different antigens weaken and pass protection fence this easy.

Malaria parasites also change through many stages, even while in in the human host. In addition, it also developed a series of strategies to confuse, hide, and immune system of people disoriented.

Life cycle of plasmodium can be done as follows:

  • Infection malaria begins when a mosquito anophen infected burn a person, they inject the parasite Plasmodium into the blood.
  • The parasite this quickly go to the human liver.
  • Then, they will be cloned in the liver cells in 7-10 days the next. At this time, the patient will not have any symptoms.
  • After awakening, the parasite will leave the liver, pass through the heart, the lungs to the pulmonary capillaries and release into the blood continue parasite in the erythrocytes.
  • In red cells, we cloned again until the erythrocytes burst out, then continued on to invade red blood cells other. This cycle is repeated, causing fever each time parasites escape and invade blood cells.
  • A few erythrocytes containing parasites do not break out will develop into the gametes. The delivery of this molecule circulates in the blood stream. When the mosquito bites, they will eat the delivery and development of the dab molecules (parasites in the form of infections), located in the saliva.
  • Finally, this mosquito go back to burning people and continue infecting others.

You can find out more: malaria (caused by mosquitoes anophen burning) is what?

Dangerous complications of malaria

Malaria causes a variety of complications life-threatening if not treated such as:

  • Swelling of the blood vessels of the brain or malaria brain.
  • Fluid accumulation in the lungs causing the respiratory problems, or pulmonary edema.
  • Renal, liver, or spleen.
  • Anemia due to destruction of red cells.
  • Low blood sugar.

The methods of testing for malaria

Soi blood through a microscope

Here is the test malaria is common and most accurate. The doctor or nurse will take a bit of your blood and send it to the laboratory. Technician spread it on a sheet of glass, staining for the parasite in the blood is clear and enlighten them under the microscope.

The number of malaria parasites in the blood of you changes every day. So, test results will sometimes return negative even though you are carrying the plasmodium. For that reason, you must make take blood many times in 2-3 days to have the most accurate results.

Rapid diagnostic tests

Also known as test RDT (rapid diagnostic tests) or tests with antigens, this is the testing for the patient does not need to take much blood. Blood samples will be taken by pricking in the tips of his fingers and dripped into the test. The color change of the test strip will tell you there is malaria or not.

However, this method does not indicate the infection types of malaria parasites and degree of infection. Therefore, it is difficult to treat for patients.

Molecular testing

Also known as tests, polymerase chain reaction, it helps determine the type of parasites exactly what causes the disease. From there, doctors will determine the prescription drugs suitable for the patient. This test is a good choice if your blood has the number of parasites is low or blood test results too vague.

Antibody test

The goal of this test is looking for antibodies to the malaria parasites appear in the blood the disease.

Test drug resistance

There are several types of malaria parasites are drug resistant. From the method this test the doctor will find out what kind of drug does have effect with patients.

Blood test

Blood tests are methods of using the chemical reaction various with the blood to see the level of serious infection out. At the same time, the results will help your doctor predict the imminent problems for patients such as anemia or renal failure.

Malaria is treated in hospitals and medication based on the type of parasite that the infection must.

In some cases, the drug is not strong enough for the parasite due to drug resistance. The doctor will need to combine several drugs with each other or change drug treatment for patients.

class=”end-of-article”>You can find out more through the post: Go seek the treatment of malaria effective.

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