The incubation period for rabies in humans is how long? -

The incubation period for rabies in humans is how long?

Rabies is a disease that arises by the virus spread through bites or scratches are caused by animal. When the symptoms of rabies appear, it was too late to save the patient. So, knowing the incubation period of rabies is extremely important. Thanks to that, we can timely vaccination before the symptoms appear and lead to death.

Incubation period rabies

In humans, the incubation period of rabies (the time between initial exposure to virus and onset of the disease) generally ranges from 2-8 weeks. In rare cases, it can vary from 10 days to 2 years. This is the time before the symptoms appear.

The incubation period shorter for children and in people exposed to large amounts of the virus rabies. Viral load depends on the size, severity and location of bites or scratches of animals. When bitten as close to the brain, the symptoms of rabies as likely to appear soon.

In animals, the incubation period for rabies depends on the animal species. For dogs, it is usually located in the range from 14-60 days.

You can find out more: rabies is a disease of what?

The development stage of rabies

Phase prodrome (early stages)

At this stage, patients will appear symptoms like the flu, including:

  • Fever 38oC and above
  • Headaches
  • Anxiety, restlessness
  • Tired
  • Sore throat and cough
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Discomfort at the site of the bite

These symptoms lasted from 2 to 10 days and go bad over time.

Stage nerve acute

The neurological symptom in this stage include:

  • Confused and aggressive
  • Paralysis, muscle twitching and muscle stiffness, neck
  • Of breath and difficulty breathing
  • Allergies or secrete a lot of saliva, which can foaming at the mouth
  • Fear of water or hydrophobic, hard to swallow
  • Hallucinations, insomnia
  • Erection permanent in men
  • Afraid of the light

To the end of this stage, breathing becomes faster and not consistent.

Coma and death

If the patient falls into a coma, death will occur within a few hours, longer if they are air-breathing. Rarely patients can recover when the disease was at a late stage this.

Why rabies makes people afraid of water?

Rabies in humans is often called the “evidence free water” because it causes fear of water for the patient.

When infected, the sufferer will feel intense cramping in the throat when trying to swallow. Even the thought of swallowing water can also cause spasms and discomfort. Here are the main causes leading to fear of water in patients. If the infection is able to swallow saliva easily, it will reduce the risk of spreading the virus to the new host.

The factors that affect the development of rabies

The factors affecting the development of infection from rabies is:

  • Type of exposure
  • The severity of the bite
  • The number of virus rabies enters the body
  • Types of animal bite
  • The immune status of the patient
  • The bitten
  • Wounds in the head and neck, as well as the wounds in the region of nerves as fingers usually have an incubation period shorter due to the distance the virus enters and nervous tissue shorter.

The incubation period for rabies usually lasts from a few days to several months, while the duration of disease until death ranged from 1 to 7 days

You can find out more: rabies and all the things you need to know to protect yourself

To find out information about vaccine rabies, you can read the injected Dose and treatment regimen for rabies

You may be interested in the topic:

  • Rabies and all the things you need to know to protect yourself
  • The incubation period for rabies in humans is how long?
  • The risk of stroke due to animal bites

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