Protect yourself from malaria parasites when traveling -

Protect yourself from malaria parasites when traveling

Malaria do malaria parasites that cause and transmit infection to humans through the mosquito anophen burning. According to statistics of the world health organization, in 2010 216 million cases of malaria and 655.000 people died from malaria and the majority of which are children in Africa.

Most tourists or immigrants returning from areas with epidemic malaria, such as Africa and South Asia are malaria-bearing. Therefore, you need to learn how to protect yourself from malaria parasites while traveling.

Malaria parasites thrive in any area?

Malaria usually appear in areas with a warm climate in the world such as tropical countries and subtropical. High temperatures allow mosquitoes anophen thrive, that this mosquito is the culprit directly transmit malaria to people.

Malaria occurs in over 100 countries and territories, accounting for about 1/2 of the world’s population. Areas in Africa, South Asia, Central America, South America, the Caribbean, southeast Asia, Middle East and oceania are considered those where malaria transmission most powerful.

However, not wherever the climate is warm also incurred malaria. There are many places bearing the climate is tropical, but breeding mosquitoes anophen not developed.

Signs, symptoms, when the disease malaria

The signs and symptoms characteristic of malaria include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Headaches
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Muscle pain and fatigue
  • Sweat
  • Chest pain or abdominal pain
  • Ho

You can learn more about the signs of malaria in post: Get to know the early signs of malaria

Protect yourself from malaria parasites when traveling

Malaria is a disease that has a high risk of dying if not treated promptly. Therefore, prevention of malaria when traveling abroad is what you should do. To prevent malaria, you need to find out where this parasite lives and how they spread.

Health organization The world has given the step guide to help in the prevention of malaria while traveling as follows:

  • Awareness of the risk of malaria
  • Prevent mosquito bites
  • Preventive treatment
  • Diagnosis and timely treatment

Awareness of the risk of malaria

Hãu remember to check malaria can where you going to or not. Malaria is usually not evenly distributed in the area, so checking in advance where you to is very necessary.

In addition, also need to pay attention to time travel, because there are time mosquitoes develop and grow stronger. For example, in Ethiopia, in the period from January 1 to January 4, malaria accounted for 5% of cases and up to 30% in the period from January 5 to January 12.

Rainfall in the region is also a factor that people travel need for concern, because the river and lakes of stagnant water is the breeding place of mosquitoes anophen. Visitors should note that the risk of malaria is highest during and after rainy season.

Prevent mosquito bites

Malaria is transmitted primarily through mosquito bites. Therefore, to prevent mosquito contact with the body measure is leading in the prevention of malaria. Following are some tips to prevent mosquito bites, simple, effective:

Apply the cream, spray mosquito repellent on the skin: You will easily find the type of creams, sprays mosquito repellent in a supermarket, shop or pharmacy.

Products containing 30-50% DEET (compound N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) are recommended for adults and children over 2 months of age, has the effect protect you from mosquitoes for many hours.

Anti-mosquito products have concentrations of DEET lower will only protect you in short time and need to frequently reapply medications many times. Always remember that DEET is a substance quite toxic. So, you should not use too much.

Wear pants, long sleeves when outdoor activities where there are many bushes: the best Method to prevent mosquito bites are the main shielding body. You should use costumes as airtight as possible.

John screen when sleeping: At night, the mosquitoes tend to go burn the more. Sleeping screen is how to protect you from mosquitoes at night most effective.

Remember don’t touch the screen when sleeping, the mosquito can burn through the screen if it clings on it.

Avoid to skin excessive sweating: Mosquitoes are attracted by lactic acid in sweat. So regular washing will help you avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes.

Use sprays kill insects: insecticides are tasked to eliminate mosquitoes in your place. But when use caution and read the instructions carefully because they are also potentially toxic to the body.

Preventive treatment

Treatment malaria prophylaxis is the method used antimalarial drugs to prevent parasite infection on the body in a short time. Four drugs are currently widely used to prevent malaria while traveling is: atovone, mefloquine, chloroquine and doxycycline. When use, you need to note:

  • Not always used everywhere in the world, depending on each region that the malaria parasite resistance to different drugs.
  • You need to consult your doctor before use to prevent side effects and drug interactions.
  • Children and pregnant women when choice of drugs against malaria should be noted carefully than others.

Diagnosis and timely treatment

Diagnosis and treatment of malaria is very important. Because even when you use anti-malarial drugs and taking medication as directed, you are still likely to suffer from malaria.

The malaria symptoms occur at least 7-9 days after infection and at least 3-12 months. If you have a fever, chills, sweating, fatigue, nausea, headache and body aches after traveling to regions with malaria, please see your doctor immediately.

The doctor will choose the drug treatment of malaria based on the type of parasites, malaria, age diseases, are pregnant or not and the severity of symptoms. Most of the drug treatment of malaria are all drugs, but if patients experience serious complications, it need medication the intravenous injection. The drugs below have rate the treatment of malaria high success:

  • Chloroquine
  • Quinine sulfate
  • Hydroxychloroquine
  • Mefloquine
  • Combination of Atovaquone and Proguanil

You may be interested in the topic:

  • How to distinguish malaria and dengue
  • Pregnant, sick with malaria: Signs, complications and treatment
  • Foods malaria should eat

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