Nutrition for people kidney transplant and things you need to know -

Nutrition for people kidney transplant and things you need to know

Nutrition for people kidney transplant is the key factor that helps you to quickly recover health after performing transplant surgery.

After kidney transplant, the doctor will overcome the irregularities of metabolites related to urea in the blood and side effects of therapy filter the blood. However, the transplant and side effects of immunosuppressive drugs may affect diet. White blood cells see the new kidney is able to invade and will attack it. To prevent this, your doctor will specify immunosuppressive drugs, are also known as drugs against transplant rejection.

Diet healthy and balanced nutrition still plays an important role in maintaining overall health and keep your bodies to excrete new works well. People who receive a kidney transplant may have to apply the special diet for a short time after performing transplant surgery. However, don’t worry because dietitians will guide the work you need done as well as help you plan for the daily menu. According to them, this diet is simple, as well as create a sense of comfort for people who eat more than the diet for hemodialysis, because the new kidney can help the body balance the amount of calories and phosphorus.

Through the article below Hello, Doctor will give you some necessary information about nutrition for people kidney transplant.

Maintain weight healthy body


Weight gain after kidney transplant is the general condition and quite common. Many people have more appetite after transplant due to emotions is improved in a positive direction and use of steroid drugs.

However, you should note that maintaining body weight healthy with a body mass index (BMI) in the range of 18,5–22,9 kg/m2 to limit the risk of hypertension, heart problems, diabetes mellitus and stroke. You should weigh the amount of food absorption, persistence, practicing, sport and consultation with experts to set the mode of nutrition for your own.

Controlling the content of lipids in the body

Dyslipidemia is also commonly occurs in people with kidney transplant. The concentration of total cholesterol, lipoprotein low density (LDL-cholesterol) and triglyceride levels will increase the risk of facing cardiovascular problems. You can control the amount of cholesterol in the blood to keep the heart healthy by creating small changes in nutrition for the kidney transplant, for example:

  • Reduced sodium (salt) and high fat (especially saturated fat)
  • Less cholesterol
  • Reduce fat metabolism
  • Increase the amount of fiber absorption

Control blood pressure

Most of the kidney transplant still need to limit the amount of salt that your body absorbs. The drugs for the transplant process, especially steroids, can cause the body to retain water and sodium intake too high cause effect is exacerbated for this problem. Blood pressure control is very important with regard to health before and after transplantation. Depending on the physical condition of each person, the doctor will decide the sodium content absorbs best for people receive a kidney transplant.

Maintain bone health

The density of minerals in bones decreases rapidly is fairly common problem happens in the early stages of kidney transplant. The ratio of these minerals is still low even when the rate of bone loss has decreased or even stopped after three years of kidney transplant surgery. The ability to absorb calcium is limited due to prednison, hyperparathyroidism, metabolic vitamin D abnormal – the underlying factors cause weakening of bones. Postmenopausal women as high-risk bone loss.

You pay attention to the amount of calcium and phosphorus in the body. You can add a little low-fat milk, cheese as well as yogurt to the menu nutrition for people with kidney transplant. The doctor can decide whether you need more calcium and phosphorus than in the diet routine or not. The kidney transplant should not use any functional foods that can cause problems for the new kidney.

Prevention of anemia


Anemia always popular in people with kidney disease the final stage. On the other hand, it can also occur in people with kidney transplant. Diet lack of iron, folate or vitamin B12 can cause anemia in people receiving kidney transplant. Prevention and control the problem of anemia is very important in maintaining health and reducing the risk of death.

Ensure hygiene and food safety

The immune system of the kidney transplant particularly weak. They are prone to infection due to foods such as listeriosis, a type of dangerous infectious diseases when eating food contaminated bacteria Listeria monocytogenes. Therefore, in addition to attention to nutrition for people kidney transplant, you need note follow these safety measures food, for example, limit your use of the gift of life as salad, sashimi…

In addition, you can consult expert in nutrition to find out more about sanitary issues and food safety.

Faq about nutrition for people with kidney transplant have ever dialysis

There is need to continue diet rich in protein or not?

People receiving a kidney transplant in particular need to consume a large amount of protein after organ transplantation to support building muscle tissue is disrupted by high-dose steroids. However, the amount of protein need to have your not so different than the protein content that healthy people need after a few months of organ transplantation. Nutrition experts will tell you need to consume how much protein to recover quickly.

There is need to continue the restriction of potassium or not?

Just kidney transplant works well, you don’t need to limit potassium as before. However, you should note a number of medicines used after organ transplant are likely to cause increased potassium levels in the blood. On the other hand, the other type can solve this problem. Therefore, depending on the type of drug used, you should adjust the nutrition for the kidney transplant to according to the potassium level in the blood.

If you have diabetes, you need diet special?

You may be recommended to apply methods of increasing protein, reducing sugar and starch in every meal after organ transplantation. Consult with a doctor and dietitian to control your diet and blood sugar.

Any food to avoid?

According to experts, you should not eat grapefruit due to the content of furanvitymarin of it will change the metabolism of many drugs listed, including cyclosporine, tacrolimus, calcium channel blockers, and statins.

The information and recommendations above are just the general guidelines. You should consult the doctor or the adviser of health care to get more detailed information.

The article of Hello Health Group and Hello Doctor only for reference, not a substitute for the diagnosis or treatment of medical.

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