Handbook wound care for people with diabetes from A to Z - ecobeautyguide.com

Handbook wound care for people with diabetes from A to Z

Wounds in patients with diabetes a long time healing, easily infected ulcers, gangrene and lead to amputation. So, you need to know how to take care of wounds for people with diabetes to prevent this risk.

According to statistics of the world health organization (WHO), every passing minute in the world would 2 people with diabetes to amputation because of foot ulcers. The sad thing is a lot of cases out of which arose from causes wound care for people with diabetes do not properly.

The expert endocrinology and diabetes said, if you know how to handle carefully as soon as you discover a wound, ulcer can help people with diabetes avoid the risk of amputation.

Why wound diabetes should be cared for properly?

Wound diabetes should be care to avoid serious complications

There are 3 reasons to explain for the people with diabetes should take care of the wound properly:

• The risk of infection and ulcer high: high blood sugar is a favorable environment for bacterial growth. So, when appear the wound, bacteria from outside can easily penetrate and multiply causing infection. Besides, patients also have compromised immune system should the self-heal will be even more difficult than usual.

• When have ulcers it is very difficult to treat: it is No coincidence that the central hospitals have to establish the faculty to take “care of diabetic foot”. This is due to complications of foot ulcers are extremely difficult to treat. If you detect the disease as late is likely to keep the cost as low as.

• The wound is often detected late: high blood glucose will cause nerve damage , causing the disease lose the ability to get to know the feeling of pain, hot or cold. The consequences are many cases when it detects the wound has infections or ulcers heavy. This is also the reason why the doctors always ask the patients need to see a foot every day, including wounds or calluses, although small, must also know how to handle.

The care of wounds in people with diabetes have a very important role. However, each level of the wound will be how to take care of own. So, you need to understand his injuries are in any degree to find how to handle properly.

Classification of wounds in people with diabetes

Feet position is vulnerable in diabetes

Wounds, ulcers in people with diabetes is usually classified into 4 levels based on depth:

  • Level 0: the Wound, shallow at the surface, not ulcers.
  • Level 1: shallow ulcers that has not spread to the ligaments, the joint or bone.
  • Grade 2: ulcers spread to the ligaments or the joint.
  • Level 3: ulcers spread to bone or joints.

Each level was divided into 4 stages through the level of infection and anemia:

  • Stage A: clean Wound
  • Stage B: Wound infection
  • Stage C: Wound anemia
  • Stage D: Wound infection and anemia

To know the wound has an infection or not, you can rely on the signs below. If the wound appears 2 of 5 this sign means that your wound has become infected.

  • Swelling
  • Hot
  • Pain
  • Purulent discharge (especially white, cloudy or bloody)
  • Has red ring > 0.5 cm around the ulcer

There are a number of cases the patient will be dry gangrene. The wound is not swollen, hot, red, flowing pus, but will be blackened and shrunken. These cases are also injuries, need to hospital immediately.

The way wound care for diabetics

Depending on the state of the wound which you need to apply ways of take care private

1. How to care for wounds, not infection

With the shallow wounds (level 0, level 1) and yet infection, can you take care of and monitored at home by the steps of:

Step 1: clean the wound

First, you wash the wound with physiological saline or clean water gently in the direction from the inside out, from top to bottom. After washing, you should blot dry with a cotton cleaning swabs. If you see a foreign body in the wound, you can use the tweezers were sterilized by rubbing alcohol, to remove. Case of bleeding wounds, take the gauze or piece of clean cloth pressed on the wound to stop the bleeding.

You should not wash the wound with peroxide because this substance has antiseptic properties are very strong so can cause damage to cells, heal in the wound. Own with povidone iodine, you can use to antiseptic after washing with physiological saline, but must be diluted. Concentrations commonly found in pharmacies is 10%, you need to phase back according to the rate of 1/10.

Step 2: Apply the ointment close infections

You can buy ointment antiseptic at the pharmacy

You can buy the type of ointment, antiseptic (such as Neosporin), apply to the wound to fight infection. However, you should only apply a thin layer and must be used properly as the instructions for use on the drug label.

Step 3: Tape wound

With small scratch, you can use duct tape individuals without the use of ointment antiseptic. However, if the wound is more extensive, you will need to bandage with gauze. You should choose dressings hydrocolloid or gauze ointment to help the wound rapid healing and limit the risk of complications, foot.

On the market there are some aerosols help to prevent sores and change the bandage often as Urgo Sanyrene. You can use these products to help the wound quickly healed over.

Step 4: Change the dressing and monitor the wound

Every day, you need to change the bandage at least 2 times morning evening or whenever you feel the ice is wet or dirty. Each time you change the new tape, you repeat the above steps. If the wound progresses, bad appearance the signs of infection (swelling, heat, redness, pain, purulent discharge), please contact medical staff immediately.

The wound is burns can appear the nodules blistering after a few hours. You don’t even break the note this because this is a self defense mechanism of the body. If the nodules burst, you handle as wound usually.

2. How to take care of deep wounds, had the infection

With deep wounds (levels 2 and above) or infection mandatory to have the support from a doctor. So, the first step you need to do is to hospital visits. If there are conditions, you should go to the hospital have a medical foot care diabetes mellitus as endocrine hospital central.

After visiting the clinic, the doctor can intervene cut filter areas of necrosis and prescribe more antibiotics, anti-inflammatory or vitamins to increase resistance. Patients who have severe wounds will need treatment in a hospital. More mild cases, the doctor can give care at home and visits periodically.

If you are allowed to care at home, please note the following:

  • Strictly follow your doctor’s instructions, if there are signs of severe infection than go to hospital check again soon.
  • Don’t arbitrarily sprinkle antibiotics on the sores or apply the leaves according to folklore. This can create the ulcer deep beneath the skin while the wound surface remains dry.
  • Avoid spot lights to the wound that let millet high legs, turn the patient frequently if the wound in the lower back area, the buttocks or coccyx. You can use medical gloves purchased at pharmacies, fill with water and tie tightly, then put the bottom of the wound area of the patient. This way will help reduce the pressure very well.

3. A number of other note when wound care at home

A diet high in vegetables helps to control blood glucose, avoid complications

Besides taking care of daily hygiene, to wounds, ulcers faster recovery, the patient should be combined with the solution support.

Good control of blood sugar

An infection will cause blood sugar rise but high blood sugar cause wound long healed over. To fix, you need to try to control the diet more closely, consult your doctor about increasing the dose of medication or switch to insulin injections temporarily.

Some patients with ulcers will feel anorexia, often have to eat liquid. At this time, the house should choose porridge oats, brown rice porridge with green vegetables instead of rice porridge usually.

You should prioritize fruits rich in vitamin C and other good protein like beans, fish… to increase resistance and help the wound quickly healed over.

Use of herbal medicine

According to experts, traditional Medicine in Oriental medicine there are many herbal have the ability to anti-inflammatory, enhance immunity, increase blood circulation, and antioxidants help cleanse the wounds, ulcers. In that typical not to mention Circuit Anal, Creased, Pop century online, Nostalgic painting. The combination of this herb with Alpha lipoic acid be viewed as a support solution effective help the wounds quickly heal over and reduce the risk of ulcers gangrene.

Is formulated from Circuit Anal, Creased, Pop century online, Nostalgic Painting. Alpha lipoic acid, food protection, Household health Organ Line (*) is the product support prevention and improvement of diabetic complications, which are complications foot ulcers diabetes.

Any wounds in people with diabetes, although small, should also be thorough care. Therefore, you should not be subjective but please always check the body often, seek to wound care for diabetics, especially the feet to limit the complications and avoid the risk unfortunately.

(*) This product is not a medicine and no effective alternative medicines.

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  • [Doctors advise] type 2 Diabetes is heavy or light?

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