Get to know the signs of blood cancer in children -

Get to know the signs of blood cancer in children

Blood cancer is a dangerous disease that can affect anyone, even small children. Getting to know the early signs of blood cancer in children will help treatment have good results.

Today cancer has become a nightmare for many people. The diagnosed cancer as you are holding the “death sentence” on hand. Cancer there are many types with the different characteristic, in which other blood cancers with the type of cancer remaining because patients do not have tumors in the body.

Blood cancer can affect anyone in any age. In particular, children often have poor health than adults, so the treatment will be difficult. Therefore, if not recognize early signs of blood cancer in children, the treatment will not have satisfactory results.

Blood cancer is what?

Blood cancer is the condition, the leukemia cells increase abnormally in the bone marrow and move into the bloodstream, hinders the function of normal cells. This will make the body susceptible to infections and suffering from the health condition, other. Blood cancer there are 3 types, including leukemia, lymph node cancer and multiple myeloma bone. In that leukemia is a type of blood cancer common in children.

Although the treatment of blood cancer in children quite difficult, but most cases are successfully treated.

You can read more: learn about leukemia blood cancer in children

The type of blood cancer in children

Most cases of blood cancer in children is acute, meaning the disease develops very fast.

The type of blood cancer in children include:

  • Leukemia line lymphoma acute. Just 4 case children with leukemia, there are 3 cases is leukemia line lymphoma acute.
  • Myeloid leukemia acute.
  • Leukemia mixed. This is a form of leukemia rarely with the specificity of two leukemia on.
  • Myeloid leukemia chronic.
  • Lymphocytic leukemia, chronic
  • Myeloid leukemia anemia (Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia – JMML)

The signs of blood cancer in children

The signs of blood cancer in children include:


Anemia occurs when the body lacks hemoglobin. Typically, the red cells responsible for carrying oxygen throughout the body and if not enough this type of cell, the child may encounter:

  • Tired
  • Weak
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Headaches
  • Pale skin
  • Feel unusually cold

Regular infection

Children with leukemia usually have the number of leukocytes is high, but most of them usually do not work properly due to the abnormal cells have replaced healthy cells. Leukemia healthy helps to protect the body and fight infection. When the number of leukocytes abnormalities in the body too much, your child will be more prone to infections and other health conditions.

Bruising and bleeding

If the child is prone to bruising, nose bleeding, severe or bleeding of the gums, the child can have leukemia due to the body not enough platelets to help clotting.

Pain in the bones or joints

If the child frequently complain of pain in the bones or joints, the child can get leukemia.

In a child with leukemia, the abnormal cells can focus inside the joint or near the surface of the bone, causing soreness.


Swelling due to blood cancer can affect different parts of the body, including:

  • Abdomen. At this time, the abnormal cells will be concentrated in the liver and spleen.
  • The face and arms.
  • The lymph nodes. You can see the bump as small lumps formed at both sides of the neck, under the armpit or above the collarbone

You also note that if the child has swollen lymph nodes and there is no more any symptoms, this can be due to infection rather than cancer.

In addition, the tumor other cancers are more likely to cause pressure on the superior vena cava and leads to swelling of the face. Swelling worse when the child wakes up and will improve during the day. This is called syndrome the superior vena cava and occurs rarely in leukemia. However, this syndrome can be life-threatening and need emergency treatment.

Appetite, stomach pain, and weight loss

If the leukemia cells abnormally cause swelling in the liver, kidney and spleen, these agencies will create pressure on the stomach. Therefore, you will feel bloating, stomach discomfort, loss of appetite, and weight loss.

Cough and shortness of breath

Leukemia can affect the parts of the body in and around the chest, such as a number of lymph nodes or thymus located between the lungs.

If the area is swollen, they can cause pressure on the trachea and make it difficult to breathe. Condition shortness of breath can also occur if the leukemia cells accumulate in the small blood vessels of the lungs. If the child difficulty in breathing, you let’s quickly take the child to emergency.

Headache, vomiting and seizures

If leukemia affects the brain or spinal cord, the child may encounter:

  • Headaches
  • Weak
  • Seizures
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Having problems keeping balance
  • Blurred vision

Skin rash

When the leukemia cells spread to the skin can cause spots small, dark red, like a rash.

The bruises and bleeding characteristic for leukemia also can makes the skin appear small spots like a rash.

Extremely tired

In the case of rare blood cancer can make children feel tired and exhausted serious, even can not pronounce clearly. This occurs when the leukemia cells concentration in the blood, increase blood volume. Therefore, the blood will circulate slowly through the small vessels in the brain.

Feeling unwell

Usually, the child can not describe in detail the signs of blood cancer. However, you will notice the child looks tired, not health. To determine the exact cause, you should take the child to see a doctor.

Will be very difficult to notice the signs of cancer first blood in children. Each child will have the disease manifestations different. In addition, the initial symptoms also depends on the type of disease is acute or chronic. Cancer symptoms blood acute usually appear quickly and may have noticed. On the contrary, the signs of chronic disease are lighter and develops gradually over time.

If you notice the signs of blood cancer in children is listed as above, please take the child to see a doctor as soon as possible. In addition, the above symptoms can also be related to other diseases. Therefore, the doctor will give young do a number of tests to confirm the diagnosis.

You can view more: Children with leukemia can be cured or not?

Treatment of blood cancer in children

To diagnose leukemia, the doctor will check the patient’s history and health of the child. In addition, children also need to do a few tests, such as:

  • Blood test
  • Biopsy and lumbar puncture bone
  • Fisting tube, life belts

After confirmed diagnosis, the doctor will conduct prostate cancer treatment for children. You should discuss with your doctor to choose the treatment method best for your child. Treatment depends primarily on the type of leukemia as well as other factors.

Typically, cancer in children tends to respond to treatment better than cancers in adults and the body children often tolerate treatment better.

Before starting cancer treatment, your doctor may for treatment of medical complications, such as changes in blood cells can lead to infection or serious bleeding and can affect the amount of oxygen to the tissues in the body. Treatments may involve antibiotics, blood transfusions or other measures to fight infection.

The main method of treatment of blood cancer in children is chemotherapy. Your child will drink anti-cancer drugs, or be injected into a vein, or the spinal cord. To cancer does not return, the child may have to maintenance therapy by cycle over a period of 2 or 3 years.

Sometimes, doctors can also specify targeted therapy. This therapy aim at specific parts of cancer cells and other activities with chemotherapy. In addition, targeted therapy is effective for some types of leukemia in children and usually have side effects less serious.

Another method to help treat blood cancer in children is radiation therapy. In this method, the doctor will use high energy radiation to destroy cancer cells, shrink tumors, prevent and treat the spread of leukemia to other parts of the body. Children with blood cancer rarely need to surgery to treatment.

If the above treatments are not effective, the doctor may specify stem cell transplantation. In this method, the doctor will transplant hematopoietic stem cells after radiation treatment of the whole body in combination with chemotherapy high doses. In addition, experts are still efforts to search for more methods of treatment of blood cancer in children to help the proportion of children from diseases increasingly high.

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