Get to know the early signs of malaria -

Get to know the early signs of malaria

Malaria caused by the parasite caused. Illness is seen is the silent assassin for the people living in the developing countries in the tropics and subtropics. Get to know the signs of malaria are very important, because the disease will be life-threatening if not treated promptly.

Bite of the mosquito anophen casiani that transmit malaria are usually not noticeable, vì nó not as pronounced as bites of other insects. Therefore, the patient hardly realized I was infected. At this time, recognizing early symptoms is a way to help patients self-diagnose brnh and to seek medical care accordingly.

The state of malaria today

Year 2017, an estimated 219 million cases of infection of malaria in 87 countries and the number of deaths due to malaria is estimated at 435.000. Private titi Africa, up to 93% of the population of this region deaths due to malaria.

There are 5 types of parasites Plasmodium cause malarial infections in humans:

  • Falciparum
  • Malariae
  • Patent foramen Ovale
  • Vivax
  • Recognlesi

In which Plasmodium falciparum accounted for 99,7% of the malaria cases in the African region, also Plasmodium vivax appear mainly in Latin America and Asia, occupies 74,1% of cases of malaria.

Children under 5 years of age is the group most affected by malaria most, accounting for 61% in the number of deaths due to malaria worldwide.

Know the signs of malaria

Malaria transmitted by people mainly due to mosquitoes anophen the gas, they inject the parasite into the bloodstream of the host. The parasites move to the liver and begins to lie dormant incubation for 1-2 weeks, then release out attack on the blood cells. At this time, the symptoms of malaria start pennylesbiant hirn.

High fever

One of the symptoms of malaria, common fever is high. When is malaria, body temperature the disease at least for 38.9oC.

This is the symptoms appears first in the disease, usually about 10-15 days after mosquito bites. The would come and go randomly and constantly repeated.

Fever along with the initial symptoms of the disease are very mild and confused with other common illnesses such as colds or flu.

The chills intense

Basic symptoms of other diseases, malaria is shaking violently with sweat constantly. Trembling is also dlesbianu hiru typical of many other infections.

When the disease becomes severe, the tremor can be severe to the point of almost convulsion. The chills, ague caused by malaria cause can not be overcome by a blanket or wear warmer clothes.

Headaches and muscle pain

Symptoms are secondary and less specific than that of malaria is headache. The level of headache lasts from moderate to severe depending on each patient. Headaches ths comes with aches.

The symptoms of secondary occurs only after the basic symptoms appear, because parasites need more time to proliferate in the liver and spread throughout the body.

Initially, the headaches of malaria is quite mild, like headaches due to stress. But when the parasite has begun to infect and destroy red blood cells, the pain will be more intense, like migraines. For aches and pains comes, they usually appear in the legs and back muscles.

Vomiting and diarrhea

Symptoms of secondary, nonspecific other of malaria, is vomiting and diarrhea. Two symptoms are generally combined with each other and take place several times during the day, leaving the patient extremely tired, uncomfortable.

Unlike other types of diarrhea due to food poisoning or infection, cholera, diarrhea due to malaria and not too serious and also not blood. This symptom will gradually lose after a few days.

The signs of malaria other

After the basic symptoms, and secondary appearance, if the disease remains untreated, it will lead to symptoms norng more. Once they appear, the risk of complications and death increase significantly. Chúng is:

  • Confusion, convulsions several times, lethargic and nervous breakdown
  • Severe anemia, unusual bleeding, difficulty breathing and respiratory failure
  • Jaundice
  • Renal
  • Liver failure
  • Very low blood pressure
  • Spleen tits

Subjects at high risk for malaria

These subjects have high risk of infection with malaria là:

  • Young children, pregnant women, in areas in which the rate of malaria is high
  • People living with HIV/AIDS
  • Travelers from these countries do not have epidemics of malaria to areas with malaria (they are more susceptible to disease than others due to the immune system of the body hasn’t been adapted to the malaria parasites).

The transmission of malaria

The majority of the malaria transmission is through the bite of mosquitoes anophen the. In it, there are more than 400 types of mosquitoes anophen and about 30 vector of disease transmission (diseases). Therefore, the intensity transmission of the disease depends on many factors such as the parasite, vector transmitted disease, host people and the environment around.

Mosquito anophen lay their eggs in water, eggs hatch into larvae and eventually emerge to become adult mosquitoes. The female mosquitoes seek blood to nourish their eggs.

The cycle of transmission of malaria through mosquitoes anophen:

  • Mosquitoes infected with the parasite by bites a person who has malaria.
  • They spread parasites by burning a healthy person to another.
  • The parasite then goes to the liver and lie dormant there for a time.
  • When the parasites mature, they leave the liver and enter red blood cells bridge of blood. This is when patients have the symptoms of malaria.
  • Then, mosquitoes continue burning this person, carrying malaria parasites and infecting others.

Because malaria parasites are usually located in the blood cells, so a person can be infected with malaria through the way other, less popular, such as:

  • From mother to fetus
  • Blood transfusion
  • Sharing needles

Diagnostic test malaria

Diagnosis and early treatment of malaria will reduce the symptoms of the disease and prevent death. It also contributes to reduce the risk of malaria transmission to others.

The method of diagnostic testing for malaria is now:

  • Staining techniques by grams, soi blood sample under a microscope: this is the most common technique used to detect malaria parasites, the results will có within 2 hours.
  • Technical rapid diagnostic tests detect malaria (Rapid Diagnostic Tests – RDTs): used in those cases where no microscope used for rapid diagnosis when necessary.
  • Techniques, molecular testing (Polymerase chain reaction, PCR): is very useful for cases where the number of malaria parasites in the blood low.
  • Engineering antibodies test: this method is not used to test for the case of malaria, acute due to test results often return for longer than the other methods.
  • Technical review experience sensitivity to the drug: this test helps the doctor determine the type of drugs that malaria parasites are resistant, thereby making treatment appropriate for the patient.
  • Methods blood test: help predict complications about to occur in the diseases such as anemia or renal failure.

To learn more the way to test malaria, invite you to read the article: The way to detection of the plasmodium in the body.

You may be interested in the topic:

  • Support the treatment of malaria at home by these natural materials
  • Foods malaria should eat
  • Pregnant, sick with malaria: Signs, complications and treatment

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