Disease hyperthyroidism: information from A-Z for you - ecobeautyguide.com

Disease hyperthyroidism: information from A-Z for you

Disease hyperthyroidism also known as syndrome, hyperthyroidism, hyperthyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid function. The symptoms of hyperthyroidism appear on the entire body in many ways, suddenly or slowly, from mild to very severe. However, the symptoms varied, but the disease can be treated. Above are the few things answer the question: “Patients with hyperthyroidism is what?”.

Overview of disease hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is the condition of increased thyroid activity produces a large amount of hormone thyroid excess into the blood. Hormone thyroid include thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). T3 is the hormone armour has active most powerful. The majority T4 is converted into T3 in the blood.

The thyroid gland shaped butterfly located in front of the neck, under the chin. The thyroid gland is conditioned by the pituitary gland located in the brain and pituitary is conditioned by the hypothalamus, a gland other in the brain.

When hormones thyroid (T3, T4) increases in the body due to any cause will cause hyperthyroidism disease. Hyperthyroidism occurs because you’ve already tolerated too much of the hormone thyroid in the body. Hormone armour has in the drug treatment of other pathologies. In addition, the cause of the hyperthyroidism was due to increased thyroid activity, excessive, disease Basedow or goiter multi…

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism are varied and occur on the whole body. Each patient will have symptoms of hyperthyroidism different. Level, heavy, light of the symptoms are related to hormone levels hypothyroidism in the patient’s body.

Disease hyperthyroidism appear the most in women from 20 to 40 years of age. Women get sick 10 times men.

The symptoms of hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism can cause many symptoms. The symptoms can develop slowly or suddenly. Symptoms often occur at an average rate, but also can be very serious, affect the life of the patient.

The symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

♦ Anxiety, depression and restlessness, difficulty in

♦ Hyperactivity – you find it hard to sit still and is always energetic

♦ Mood instability

♦ Difficulty sleeping, lack of sleep, insomnia

♦ Tired throughout the day

♦ Temperature-sensitive (feeling too hot or too cold)

♦ Weakness myasthenia

♦ Diarrhea

♦ Urine many times during the day

♦ Frequent thirst despite drinking lots of water

♦ Itching

♦ Decreased libido

After disease hyperthyroidism a time, the patients body usually occurs the transform. A number of variables change frequently:

♥ Swelling of the neck due to thyroid grow big

♥ Rapid heart rate irregular, palpitations

♥ Twitching, trembling clearly seen in 2 hands

♥ Skin, heat, humidity and excessive sweating

♥ Palm red

♥ Easy to broken nails, pedicure

♥ Appearance of the skin that causes itching

♥ Hair loss or thinning hair

♥ Weight loss despite eating more

♥ Meet many problems in the eye such as red eye, dry eye, limiting vision.

When you need to see a doctor?

You see a doctor when your body appear these symptoms on. You should record the signs and symptoms to report to physician.

You will be given a blood test to diagnose. If the results show you suffer from hyperthyroidism, the doctor will conduct more tests to decide the treatment method.

Cause hyperthyroidism

Thyroid overactive due to various reasons. The main reasons usually are:

Disease Basedow (Graves’Disease)

About 3/4 of the cases with hyperthyroidism due to the disease Basedow cause. This disease is autoimmune, i.e. the immune system instead of attacking bacteria, virus, pathogens negative for health, then attack the thyroid gland makes it overactive.

Medicine has not yet determined the cause of the disease Basedow. Subjects predisposed to this disease are middle-aged women, smoking and family who have been Basedow.

Goiter multi

Hyperthyroidism is due to the hump (multi) develops in the thyroid gland triggers. This case is less common but is also one of the causes of major diseases. The nodule of benign. However, when we increase hormone production armor will make you have more risk of disease hyperthyroidism.

Reason goiter multi development remains mysterious, but they are often seen in people over age 60.

Hyperthyroidism due to drug

The level of iodine in the blood can make the thyroid produce more hormones that cause hyperthyroidism. Sometimes this happens if you take medications that contain iodine such as amiodarone (medicines used for heart rhythm disorders).

Thyroid condition excessive activity of the drug will slowly cease when the patient discontinued the drug. Hormone levels thyroid in the blood will return to normal after a few months.

The causes of hyperthyroidism other

The causes of hyperthyroidism include:

– The level of hCG (the hormone due to placental production) increase when patients take multiple pregnancy or molar pregnancy

– U benign adenoma in the pituitary

– Inflammation of the thyroid gland

– Thyroid cancer (rare in patients with hyperthyroidism)

Diagnosis of hyperthyroidism

Diagnosis will be based on clinical symptoms and laboratory results thyroid function.

Test thyroid function

The doctor will test the blood to determine the levels hormones thyroid in the blood. Tests used to determine the concentration of the hormone TSH, T3, T4 include:

⇒ TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone): This is hormone is the pituitary gland produces to stimulate thyroid activity. If the level of the hormone thyroid in the blood little online nest increase the production of TSH and vice versa. Patients with hyperthyroidism have the TSH low.

⇒ T3 (triiodothyronine): T3 is the thyroid gland produces and have the most important role for body metabolism. Tests T3 to diagnose and determine the disease is severe or mild. Patients with hyperthyroidism have elevated levels of T3 increase.

Patients who are pregnancy, taking contraceptive pills, then both T3 and T4 together, but can not be hyperthyroidism. In this case, pregnant women need to do more tests the amount of T4 free and TSH to determine exactly hyperthyroidism.

⇒ T4 (thyroxine): T4 in the blood have 2 shape: T4 attached to proteins and T4 free. T4 are freely the most important role to determine the thyroid function tests find T4 freedom called FT4 and FTI. People with hyperthyroidism have the FT4 and FTI increase.

Test results showed levels of TSH and low levels of T3, T4 is high means you have hyperthyroidism. If you are pregnant, your doctor will rely on TSH and low FT4, FTI high to diagnose hyperthyroidism.

Tests to find the cause of hyperthyroidism

⇒ Tests find antibodies to the thyroid gland: the immune System helps us against various types of bacteria, viruses by producing antibodies capable of destroying them. When the immune system produces antibodies to the thyroid gland, stimulates it’s activity at the same time ruin it. These antibodies are found if you have Graves’ disease – a major cause of hyperthyroidism.

⇒ Tests that measure the blood sedimentation rate: Used to check the status of inflammation in the body. If the results showed that the inflammation it causes hyperthyroidism can be inflammation of the thyroid gland.

Scintigraphy thyroid

Scintigraphy thyroid used to find the tumor, tumors such as thyroid nodules.

To prepare for the test, you will be asked to swallow or inject a small amount of radioactive iodine. Radioactive substances this will be the thyroid absorbs and excretes.

You will then be taken scintigraphy of the thyroid gland. The doctor will see the results to know the shape, the size of thyroid and the way it absorbs, excretes radionuclides. This helps the doctor find the cause of the hyperthyroidism and the condition to have the suitable treatment.

Hyperthyroidism treatment

Hyperthyroidism is the disease can be treated. The doctor will analysis on a variety of factors to help you choose the right cure.

The main treatments include: Use of drug resistance armor, drink radioactive iodine, surgery.

Drug-resistant armor

Thionamide is line drugs to treat hyperthyroidism common is often used to treat hyperthyroidism. They control hyperthyroidism by reducing the activity of the thyroid gland. There are 2 main types used are carbimazole and propylthiouracil.

You have to take drugs continuously for 1 to 2 months to start seeing effects. During this time, you will have to use add beta blockers to reduce symptoms.

When the body has to control the amount of hormone thyroid, your doctor will gradually reduce the dose of the drug resistant armor according to the data. Sick people need medication continuously for many years, some need to drink throughout life to control hyperthyroidism.

Patients absolutely do not arbitrarily stop drug because it can cause complications storm armor. This is a rare complication but life-threatening the disease.

Treatments for drug-resistant armor will cause many side effects. They usually appear in the first few months and will gradually reduce when you get used to the drug, including:

♣ See languid

♣ Headache

♣ Joint aches

♣ Bloating, belching, heartburn and even stomach pain

♣ Rash skin itchy

A dangerous side effects rare is leukopenia sudden. Adverse reactions this makes your body very susceptible to infections. Need to see a doctor right away if you have a fever, sore throat, or coughing, when taking medication.

Drinking radioactive iodine

Drinking radioactive iodine is use radiation to injure the thyroid gland and reduce the amount of hormones that it produces. This is a method of treatment of hyperthyroidism is very effective.

You will be given a glass of water, pills or tablets containing a dose of radiation low. This radiation is the thyroid gland absorbs. Most patients only need a single treatment.

After a few weeks to a few months, you will see the entire effect. You are prescribed beta blockers in the meantime.

However, the radiation dose you drink very low, but you also need to pay attention to the following:

♣ Avoid contact with children and pregnant women in few days to few weeks.

♣ Women should avoid becoming pregnant within 6 months.

♣ Man should not intend to have children within 4 months.

Drinking radioactive iodine do not use in patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding. This method also cannot be used if the hyperthyroidism has caused complications eye.

Surgery

This is the last measure and certainly effective. The doctor will completely remove the thyroid gland. Therefore, you also no longer hyperthyroidism again. This method helps the body can not produce hormones the thyroid gland. You have to drink levothyroxine lifelong hormone supplement armor for the body.

The case mandatory to use this method:

♣ Goiter too big

♣ There were severe complications in the eye

♣ You have contraindications to the above methods

♣ Symptoms of hyperthyroidism recurrence after treatment by other methods

Complications of hyperthyroidism

Complications in the eye

Complications eyes due to hyperthyroidism, also known as eye disease, thyroid or eye disease Basedow. This complication occurs in 1/3 of people with hyperthyroidism due to the disease Basedow.

The symptoms include:

♠ Dry eye

♠ Sensitive to light

♠ Runny eyes constantly

♠ Distorted vision or double vision

♠ Red eye

♠ Eyelids swollen, red and is pulled back

♠ Bulging eyes

The majority of cases complications stop in the average and usually resolves when the patient was treated definitively disease hyperthyroidism.

If you feel discomfort in the eyes, you are usually transferred to a specialist eye to treat. The method includes: medication, eye drops, steroids, surgery and selected depending on the eye condition patients.

Decreased thyroid function

Treatment of hyperthyroidism usually reduce the hormone thyroid in the blood causes hypothyroidism. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include: fear of cold, fatigue, weight gain, constipation, depression.

Condition hypothyroidism often will last longer and need hormone supplements the thyroid gland.

Disease hyperthyroidism and pregnancy

Pregnant with hyperthyroidism and are not treated well will increase the risk:

♠ Preeclampsia

♠ Miscarriage

♠ Prematurity (born before week 37 of pregnancy)

♠ Birth weight

You should talk with your doctor if you plan to get pregnant or are pregnant. The doctor will check the disease has been controlled yet and select the treatments to not affect the pregnancy.

If you do not plan to get pregnant, you should use the contraceptive method as long as put the ring, tubal ligation… because treating hyperthyroidism can cause harm to the fetus.

Storm armor

In some rare cases, hyperthyroidism is not diagnosed and treatment will cause storm armor. This is a serious condition may cause patient death.

The symptoms headlining can be provoked by:

♠ A tranche infection

♠ Pregnancy

♠ Don’t take medication properly

♠ Lesions sudden thyroid like getting punched in the neck

The symptoms of storm armor includes:

♠ Fast heart rate, continuous beats galloping over 140 times per minute, palpitations, atrial fibrillation

♠ Persistent high fever,

♠ Diarrhea and vomiting

♠ Gold skin, gold eyes

♠ Panic, lethargy, confusion

♠ Loss of consciousness

Storm armor can be fatal, the patient should go to emergency immediately.

The variation on the body patients with hyperthyroidism

Disease hyperthyroidism alters the patient’s body over time. The disease, long years may experience the following status:

Atrial fibrillation: cardiovascular diseases are the main symptom is tachycardia irregular.

Osteoporosis: condition makes your bones fragile and brittle than.

Heart failure: heart is no longer healthy to pump the blood body.

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