Cancer screening, things to note! -

Cancer screening, things to note!

Cancer is the leading cause of death 2nd after cardiovascular diseases. Cancer often develops silently, with hundreds of different types of cancer. This can cause difficulties for the detection and treatment of disease.

However, there are a number of types of cancer can be detected very early, from when there are no symptoms. Cancer screening is detecting cancer early to treatment becomes gentle and more effective.

Screening what is cancer?

Cancer screening is to detect cancers before they appear symptoms. Screening regularly to help you detect breast cancer, cervical cancer and colorectal cancer early stages. Lung cancer is screening in people with a risk as high as the regular smokers or people from 55-80 years of age. Early stage cancer can be treated easier and the cure rate of also higher.

Breast cancer screening

1. Mammography

Mammography is a method of taking X-ray for the breast. Mammography is the best way to detect early breast cancer for all women.

2. Breast MRI

Used along with mammography on the group object women have a high risk. They may be those who have family members with breast cancer or there is a change in gene BRCA1, BRCA2 – one of the gene cause breast cancer.

3. Examination, clinical breast

With this method, the doctor or nurse will examine the breast by hand, to detect the abnormality or tumor in your breast.

4. Breast self-examination

You get to know the change in the breast like lumps, breast pain or change in size. Once there, you should alert your doctor for instructions.

Screening for cervical cancer

Two screening tests can help prevent or find cervical cancer include:

– Pap is the method of early detection of cell has mutated and will be able to become cervical cancer if not treated timely.

– HPV test is how to find the virus can cause changes pre-cancerous.

Both tests can be done right at the clinic has full facilities. While performing tests, the doctor will use an instrument made of plastic or metal called a speculum to open the vagina wide. This helps the doctor examined the vagina and cervix to sample translation, cells from the cervix and around the cervix. The sample is sent to laboratory to check.

When should you control?

If you are aged from 21 to 29 years of age, you can start at the age of 21. If test results normal, 3 years later you repeat the test.

If you from 30 to 65 years of age, you can be the doctor indicated:

– Only perform Pap tests: If normal results, then 3 years later you do it again.

– Only perform test to find HPV: If results are normal, then 5 years later you do it again.

– Performed both the Pap smear and found HPV: If the results are both normal, then wait 5 years after you do leave.

With adults over the age of 65, your doctor may say you don’t need screening anymore if you have had normal results for many years.

Test results

Maybe you will wait 3 weeks to get test results. If the results show a change abnormal, the doctor will contact you to plan to check out next. There are many reasons for results not normal. That usually does not mean you have cancer.

If the results showed the cells transform abnormalities and can progress into cancer, the doctor will let you know whether you need treatment or not. In most cases, treatment will prevent cancer development. You need to contact your regular doctor to be treated and monitored.

Screening for colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer usually develops from precancerous polyps in the intestines. Screening for cancer can find precancerous polyps and remove them before they transform into cancer. Tests can also detect colorectal cancer at an early stage.

Screening for colorectal cancer is often performed in people aged 50-75, you may need to check sooner if:

– You have relatives with cancer or have precancerous polyps.

– You suffer from Crohn’s disease or colitis.

– You suffer from the genetic syndrome such as FAP or Lynch.

Screening tests for colorectal cancer include:

1. The stool test

– Test gFOBT helps to find hidden blood in the stool and is done once a year. You are played for 1 small jar and 1 rod or small brush. You take a stool sample into the vial and send for laboratory.

– Test FIT using antibodies to find blood hidden in the stool. How to get stool sample similar tests on and is done once a year.

– Test FIT-DNA: With this test, you take all the feces in a defecation then sent to a laboratory to be tested to find cancer cells. How screening for colorectal cancer is done every year 1 or 3 years 1 times.

2. Laparoscopic colorectal by endoscope software

The doctor will put a tube short, thin, light and flexible into the anal. Next, the doctor will check for polyps or cancer in the rectum and 1/3 below the rectum.

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