5 things you need to know about the condition osteopenia - ecobeautyguide.com

5 things you need to know about the condition osteopenia

Osteopenia aka shortage of bone, is often confused with osteoporosis (Osteoporosis). You have to know how to distinguish the condition osteopenia and osteoporosis?

Condition osteopenia shows you have low bone density than normal. Bone density (BMD) is the amount of calcium and minerals in your bones. Those who suffer from osteopenia have BMD lower than normal, but this is not yet the disease. However, a person suffering from osteopenia will be at risk for osteoporosis.

You let Hello Doctor learn more about risk factors, diagnosis and treatment, osteopenia, okay!

1. Risk factors for osteopenia

Aging is factors most common risk for osteopenia. After bone mass reaches its peak speed, the body destroys old bone will be faster than the regeneration of new bone, which means that there is bone density will gradually decrease. If you lose too much bone, bone mass can decrease at low will be the condition for patient assessment, osteopenia.

A number of factors increase the risk of osteopenia include:

  • Smoking
  • Older than 50 years
  • Do not exercise
  • Menopause before age 45
  • A family history of BMD, low
  • Taking too much alcohol or caffeine
  • Removal of the ovaries before menopause
  • Taking anti-inflammatory drugs, prednisone or phenytoin
  • Diet poor nutrition, lack of calcium and vitamin D

2. Distinguish osteopenia and osteoporosis

To avoid confusion about the two condition to this bone, you need to know:

• Osteopenia: Is the status of bone mass lower than normal, however the decline is not too severe, only the risk factors lead to osteoporosis. Osteopenia is common in people over the age of 50 have low bone density. To accurately diagnose osteopenia and osteoporosis, the doctor will measure the mineral density of bones.

• Osteoporosis: Is a disease due to the decrease in the exacerbation of bone mass. This is due to the deficiency of calcium, vitamin D, magnesium, vitamins and other minerals. If osteoporosis progresses weight gradually, patients are likely to suffer deterioration of height, hunchback, bone aches… According to The osteoporosis American osteoporosis already affects 10 million Americans, largely women.

The bone densitometry allows to check the level of calcium in the bones, thanks to that assessment is the risk of fracture and determine you suffer from osteopenia or osteoporosis.

3. Way diagnosis condition osteopenia

Organization Osteoporosis international recommends that you should check bone density if you have the factors:

  • Women from age 65 and above
  • Menopausal women, post-menopausal
  • Have one or more risk factors for disease osteopenia
  • Fracture caused by normal activities, such as exercise, doll furniture…

You can perform measurement of bone density by the method of measuring the absorption of X-rays of two energies DXA. Test DXA usually measure bone density in the spine, hips, wrist, fingers, leg or heel. Bone density changes in different regions on the body, so your doctor may ask you to perform test in many regions of the bone to be able to give the correct conclusion.

After performing test, you will have the index T to know your bone density compared with standard indicators of healthy people in age 30. The index value gets smaller, the risk of you suffering diseases of the bone as high.

• From -1 to +1: normal.

• From -1 to -2,5: You have low bone density, should consider buying the drug to prevent osteoporosis to slow down the process of bone loss and reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

• From -2,5 and above: You suffer from osteoporosis. Doctor just the use of drugs to help slow or even reverse the progression of osteoporosis

4. Direction treat the condition osteopenia

Osteopenia can often progress to osteoporosis increases risk of fracture, the treatment aims to prevent this progression. The manual treatment includes:

• The right diet: You should add the foods that increase the strength of bones rich in vitamin D and calcium. The foods rich in calcium include green vegetables, milk, fish, shrimp… food Sources containing vitamin D include beef liver, fish, cereal nutrition.

• Exercise regularly: exercise Routine can help you prevent, treatment, osteopenia, reduced bone loss and may improve bone density. Program workout can include push-ups, dancing, climbing stairs, walking… exercises balance also often recommended to help prevent falls for older people.

• The use of drugs: doctors often do not recommend medication until the condition progresses into osteoporosis. However, if a person suffering from osteopenia have a broken bone, the doctor may prescribe medicines bisphosphonates, works by preventing bone resorption. For those who have the condition, the risk of progression of osteoporosis, the physician may specify the use of hormone replacement therapy.

5. How to prevent osteopenia

There are many ways to help prevent osteopenia include regular participation exercise lose weight and have a balanced diet by including foods rich in calcium and vitamin D. at the same time, you need adjust lifestyle to prevent osteopenia include:

• Avoid the use of nicotine: smoking and use the form nicotine the other can affect the way the body absorb and maintain calcium, can increase the rate of bone loss.

• Limit your use of soda contain phosphate: some type of soda such as cola, which contain acid phosphate, which can reduce the calcium in the bones. In addition, the caffeine in some sodas can also affect bone density.

• Limit the use of salt: foods contain much salt can cause the body to lose calcium and reducing bone density. A number of food, such as fast food, canned meat… usually have high salt.

• Drink nutritional supplement: You can ask your doctor about the types of food calcium supplements to be consulted for fair use. The amount of calcium recommended can vary according to the age, gender and other factors for the condition, osteopenia.

Whatever you at any age also can help healthy bones by maintaining diet healthy, make sure you have enough calcium and vitamin D. in Addition, you can sun exposure to the body to get enough vitamin D, however please note should only sunbathe in the morning from 6 – 8 hours to avoid skin damage, okay!

You may be interested in the topic:

  • 10 natural ways to help healthy bones
  • Tell you how to choose food when osteoporosis treatment
  • Things to know about tests that measure bone density

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