10 symptoms of lung infection - ecobeautyguide.com

10 symptoms of lung infection

Causes infection of the lungs can be due to viruses, bacteria, and sometimes also caused by fungi. Lung infections are likely to spread the infection when inhaling the bacteria or virus of a sick person nearby coughs, sneezes.

How lung infections occur?

Pneumonia is a bacterial infection in the lung parenchyma, inflammation in the tubes alveoli bag, alveoli, bronchioles, respiratory and inflammation on to the organization interstitial.

Bronchitis is inflammation in the lining of the bronchial tubes – where to air move. Bronchitis is more likely to be caused by a virus rather than by bacteria.

Bronchiolitis is inflammation and obstruction in the small airways (bronchioles) of the lungs. Inflammation of the bronchi due to virus, and usually occurs in infants.

Lung infections may be mild, but also very heavy, especially for those who have a weakened immune system or suffering from chronic diseases, such as lung disease, chronic obstructive (COPD).

Following Hello, Doctor will let you know the common symptoms of pulmonary infections and methods to treat them.

Symptoms

The symptoms of pulmonary infections vary from mild to severe. This depends on factors including age, overall health of the disease and infections due to viral, bacterial or fungal cause. The symptoms will be similar to a cold or flu, but more prolonged.

If you suffer from lung infections, here are the most common symptoms may occur:

1. Coughing much sputum

Coughing helps clear mucus (sputum) due to inflammation of the respiratory tract and lungs generated. Mucus (sputum) this may also contain blood.

When is bronchitis or pneumonia, then a cough will produce mucus (phlegm) thick and has the color:

  • Opaque white
  • Pink and red
  • Green
  • Yellow grey

The cough may last for several weeks even after other symptoms have improved.

2. Pain in the chest

Chest pain due to lung infection will appear suddenly and may feel throbbing. Chest pain tends to worsen when coughing or breathing deeply. Sometimes the pain appears in the back middle and upper back.

3. Fever

Fever is the mechanism of the body to fight infection. Body temperature is normally at about 37oC. If it is lung infection caused by bacteria, you will suffer from fever and temperature can up to 40.5oC, this is the extremely dangerous.

Any rush on how 38,9oC will lead to many other symptoms, such as:

  • Sweat
  • Chills
  • Muscle pain
  • Dehydration
  • Headaches
  • Debilitating

You should go to the doctor if body temperature exceeds 38,9oC or lasted on 3 days.

4. Body aches

Muscles and back will hurt when you get lung infections. The main cause is due to infections causing inflammation in the muscles and leads to body aches.

5. Runny nose

Runny nose and flu-like symptoms such as sneezing, are also signs of lung infections that more specifically bronchitis.

6. Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath means that you feel breathing very difficult or sometimes impossible to breathe. You should go to the doctor if you feel shortness of breath.

7. Tired

You often feel languid and tired when the body against infection. So, resting is very important during infection.

8. Wheezing

When you exhale, you can hear some sounds, this symptom called wheezing. This is the result of the airway being narrowed or inflamed.

9. Skin and lips cyanosis, pale

The lips, the skin or your nails can begin to appear bluish or pale, due to lack of oxygen.

10. Hiss in the lungs

One of the first signs to recognize infection of the lungs is the sound crackling at the bottom of the lungs, also known as crackles bibasilar. The doctor can hear these sounds by using stethoscope.

Causes

Bronchitis, pneumonia and bronchiolitis are three types of lung infections are usually viral or bacterial cause.

The micro-organisms responsible for acute bronchitis include:

  • Viruses such as influenza virus or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
  • Bacteria such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Bordetella

The microorganisms most common responsible for pneumonia include:

  • Bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumonia (most common), Haemophilusenzae and Mycoplasma pneumonia
  • Viruses such as influenza virus or RSV

Rarely infection of the lungs caused by fungi, but some fungi, such as Pneumocystis jirovecii, Aspergillus, or Histoplasma capsulatum also cause lung infections.

Fungal lung infection is only common in people with suppressed immunity such as cancer, HIV, or due to taking immunosuppressive drugs.

Diagnosis

First, the doctor will retrieve information, medical history, and ask about the patient’s symptoms.

The doctor will also ask questions about the profession, business travel recently or had contact with animals whatsoever.

Finally, the doctor measured the temperature, and listen to your chest with a stethoscope to check the sound.

The common way to diagnose lung infections include:

  • Images: such as a chest X-ray or CT
  • Spirometer: an instrument measure the level and speed of inhaled air
  • Oxygen measurement in the circuit: to measure oxygen levels in the blood
  • Sampling the mucus or snot to test
  • Implantation bleeding
  • Blood count (CBC)
  • Sampling in the throat to test

Treatments

Bacterial infection then antibiotics to get rid of it. Fungal lung infection will need treatment with antifungal drugs like ketoconazole or voriconazole.

Antibiotics have no effect on viruses, so most patients only have to wait for the body against the infection.

In addition, the patient as well against infection and help yourself more comfortable with the care measures, in the following:

  • Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen to reduce fever
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Try hot tea with honey or ginger
  • Gargle salt water
  • Rest as much as possible
  • Use a humidifier to create moisture in the air
  • Drink any kind of antibiotics as directed until it’s gone

For lung infection worsens, you will need to be hospitalized. And in duration of hospitalization, the doctor will use antibiotics, infusion and respiratory therapy if you suffer from shortness of breath.

When to go to the doctor?

Lung infection can be serious if not treated. So, let’s go to the doctor if the cough of longer than three weeks or you have difficulty breathing.

Fever symptoms also vary depending on your age, so you need to follow the following instructions:

For infants

See a doctor if the infant:

  • Less than 3 months old and has temperature over 38oC
  • From 3 – 6 months, with fever on 38,9oC and irritability, lethargy an unusual way
  • From 6 – 24 months, with the sauce on 38,9oC for more than 24 hours

For children

See a doctor if your child:

  • Fever on 38,9oC
  • Listless or irritable, vomiting, continuous or severe headache
  • Has a fever more than 3 days
  • Disease internal medicine severe or immune system vulnerable

For adults

You should see a doctor if:

  • Above body temperature 39,4oC
  • Fever more than 3 days
  • Sick or immune system vulnerable

You should also call an ambulance immediately if your fever is accompanied by any symptoms the following:

  • Mental disorders
  • Shortness of breath
  • Stiff neck
  • Chest pain
  • Seizures
  • Prolonged vomiting
  • Rash on the skin unusual
  • Hallucinations

If you have weak immune system, then when you feel fever, shortness of breath or coughing up blood, seek medical care immediate emergency.

Prevention

Minimize the risk infection of the lungs by the following tips:

  • Wash your hands often
  • Avoid touching the face or mouth
  • Avoid sharing utensils, food or drinks with others
  • Avoid in crowded places where the virus is easily spread
  • No smoking
  • A flu shot every year to prevent flu infection

For those who have a higher risk, the best way to prevent pneumonia is to use one of two types of vaccine:

  • Vaccine Pneumococcal (PCV13)
  • Vaccine Polysaccharide Pneumococcal (PPSV23)

The vaccine is recommended for:

  • Babies
  • Elderly people
  • Smokers
  • People suffering from chronic diseases

Conclusion

Lung infections cause symptoms similar to a cold or flu, but will be more severe, and usually lasts longer than.

The immune system will remove infections of the lungs due to the virus over time. Antibiotics are used to treat lung infections caused by bacteria.

See a doctor immediately if you:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Lips and nails are blue
  • Intense chest pain
  • High fever
  • Coughing much sputum

People over the age of 65, children under 2 years of age, who have chronic illnesses or immune system vulnerable should take medical treatment immediately if experiencing any symptoms of lung infection.

You may be interested in the topic:

  • Pneumonia in children: serious illness than you think
  • Bronchitis
  • Distinguish from asthma and pneumonia to have a proper treatment

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