10 facts about the Ebola virus - ecobeautyguide.com

10 facts about the Ebola virus

Ebola first appeared in 1976 in a village near the Ebola river in the Congo and another village in the outback belongs to Sudan. The species name virus this was named after that river.

Ebola is outbreak back. Own in the country of democratic republic of the Congo, the number of people who died so far was up to 319 people and is predicted to continue increasing in the coming time.

While the concern is focused on this disease, there are many false information about the Ebola virus appear. So, Hello Doctor will be raised 10 facts to know about Ebola for people to learn, to avoid confusion with the incorrect information about the disease.

1. Ebola started in animals and spread to humans

Experts believe that the Ebola virus originally appeared in animals, more specifically species of fruit bats Pteropodidae, species of bats are considered natural hosts of the Ebola virus. In addition, other animals such as gorillas, apes, pigs can also become a medium of disease transmission.

Ebola infections through contact with blood, secretions or organs of infected animals. So, people infected with Ebola is primarily through the eating or the meat of wild animals.

2. Ebola infection when in contact with fluid body, even the corpse!

When Ebola appeared in the human population, it will spread when you in direct contact with body fluids (stool, urine, saliva, semen) of infected people. If someone touches the secretions of this virus can penetrate through the skin or mucous membranes in eyes, nose, mouth.

Ebola is also sexually transmitted or sharing needles. The Ebola Virus also hides in the surface materials and fixtures.

In addition, direct contact with the dead body infected with Ebola will be infected with this virus.

3. Ebola outbreak the worst to happen in the years 2014-2016

Ebola outbreak in years 2014-2016 outbreak in West Africa, is the cause of more than 28.600 infections and 11.325 deaths. Up to now, it is Ebola the most dangerous. In which strain Zaire is the culprit.

Experts believe that factors contributing to the severity of the outbreak this is due to the lack of medical professionals, lack of preparation and delays in efforts to control the spread of the virus.

4. Outbreak worse Monday is happening

Epidemic of 2018 in the democratic republic of Congo is considered risky Monday. This is the epidemic of Ebola, the 10th of Congo from 1976, and first Monday in the year.

Health officials said the try to prevent the virus has met many challenges due to armed conflict are taking place in the region and lack of involvement of the community.

5. The initial symptoms of Ebola

The symptoms of Ebola early on, including fever, headache, body aches, cough, stomach pain, vomiting and diarrhea. These symptoms also appear in other diseases so it is hard to diagnose early disease.

The incubation period of Ebola virus ranges from 2-21 days from exposure to the pathogen until the first symptoms.

6. Ebola isn’t the risk too big in the community

You will have no risk of contracting Ebola unless direct contact with blood or other body fluids of a person infected with the virus.

The patient will spread the disease to others when they start having symptoms. During the incubation period, they do not have the ability to spread.

Those who are at high risk with infection with the Ebola virus are health workers, family members or people in close contact with infected people. In addition, hunters in contact with dead animals due to infection with Ebola in the tropical forests are also at risk of infection high.

7. Bleeding is a sign of end-stage Ebola

The following symptoms of this Ebola are bleeding outside and inside. The patient will suffer red eyes, vomiting blood, bloody diarrhea, heart failure and ultimately death. These symptoms will appear after the initial symptoms only a few days.

8. Ebola is often fatal

According to The world health organization (WHO), the average mortality for Ebola is about 50%, but this number can range from 25-90% depending on the outbreak. Early supportive care is a way to improve the chances of survival.

9. Vaccine is being used

A vaccine named rVSV-ZEBOV have shown the promise in clinical trials.

Results of a study showed out of 5.837 people were vaccinated, no cases of Ebola have been recorded after 10 days of injection vaccine.

10. There is no cure but there are treatments promising are studies

Although there is no method approved to cure Ebola, however, there are still a number of methods are being tested.

At present, the only cure may be the care for the patient, including breathing oxygen, maintaining blood pressure and blood. Doctors use drugs to reduce the water loss due to vomiting and diarrhea.

The other treatments are being considered to help this disease such as blood transfusions from survivors and filter blood mechanically from the patient. The experimental drug such as ZMapp, the mAb 114, GS-5734 and REGN-EB3, is also being studied and give the patient affected by diseases in the Congo.

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